avatar

目录
VirtualAPK的简单使用

个人博客:
http://www.milovetingting.cn

VirtualAPK的简单使用

VirtualApk引入步骤:

一、宿主应用引入VirtualApk

1、在项目的build.gradle文件中加入依赖

gradle
1
2
3
dependencies {
classpath 'com.didi.virtualapk:gradle:0.9.8.6'
}

完整的gradle文件如下:

gradle
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
   // Top-level build file where you can add configuration options common to all sub-projects/modules.

buildscript {

repositories {
google()
jcenter()
}
dependencies {
classpath 'com.android.tools.build:gradle:3.1.4'
classpath 'com.didi.virtualapk:gradle:0.9.8.6'


// NOTE: Do not place your application dependencies here; they belong
// in the individual module build.gradle files
}
}

allprojects {
repositories {
google()
jcenter()
}
}

task clean(type: Delete) {
delete rootProject.buildDir
}

2、在app的build.gradle文件中加入依赖

gradle
1
2
3
4
5
   apply plugin: 'com.didi.virtualapk.host'

dependencies {
implementation 'com.didi.virtualapk:core:0.9.8'
}

完整的gradle文件如下:

gradle
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
   apply plugin: 'com.android.application'
apply plugin: 'com.didi.virtualapk.host'

android {
compileSdkVersion 28
defaultConfig {
applicationId "com.wangyz.virtualapk.host"
minSdkVersion 21
targetSdkVersion 28
versionCode 1
versionName "1.0"
testInstrumentationRunner "android.support.test.runner.AndroidJUnitRunner"
}
buildTypes {
release {
minifyEnabled false
proguardFiles getDefaultProguardFile('proguard-android.txt'), 'proguard-rules.pro'
}
}
}

dependencies {
implementation fileTree(dir: 'libs', include: ['*.jar'])
implementation 'com.android.support:appcompat-v7:28.+'
implementation 'com.android.support.constraint:constraint-layout:1.0.2'
testImplementation 'junit:junit:4.12'
androidTestImplementation 'com.android.support.test:runner:1.0.1'
androidTestImplementation 'com.android.support.test.espresso:espresso-core:3.0.1'

implementation 'com.didi.virtualapk:core:0.9.8'
}

3、新建项目的Application,继承自Application,并在attachBaseContext方法中初始化

java
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
   public class App extends Application{

@Override
protected void attachBaseContext(Context base) {
super.attachBaseContext(base);
PluginManager.getInstance(base).init();
}
}

4、在AndroidManifest.xml中引入自定义的Application

xml
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
<application
android:name=".App"
android:allowBackup="true"
android:icon="@mipmap/ic_launcher"
android:label="@string/app_name"
android:roundIcon="@mipmap/ic_launcher_round"
android:supportsRtl="true"
android:theme="@style/AppTheme">
<activity android:name=".MainActivity">
<intent-filter>
<action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />

<category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
</intent-filter>
</activity>
</application>

5、申明权限

xml
1
2
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.READ_EXTERNAL_STORAGE" />
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE" />

二、Plugin中引入VirtualApk

1、在项目的build.gradle文件中加入依赖

gradle
1
2
3
dependencies {
classpath 'com.didi.virtualapk:gradle:0.9.8.6'
}

完整的gradle文件如下:

gradle
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
   // Top-level build file where you can add configuration options common to all sub-projects/modules.

buildscript {

repositories {
google()
jcenter()
}
dependencies {
classpath 'com.android.tools.build:gradle:3.1.4'
classpath 'com.didi.virtualapk:gradle:0.9.8.6'


// NOTE: Do not place your application dependencies here; they belong
// in the individual module build.gradle files
}
}

allprojects {
repositories {
google()
jcenter()
}
}

task clean(type: Delete) {
delete rootProject.buildDir
}

2、在app的build.gradle文件中加入依赖

gradle
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
   apply plugin: 'com.didi.virtualapk.plugin'

virtualApk{
packageId = 0x6f
targetHost = '../../VirtualAPKHost/app'//宿主应用的app模块路径
applyHostMapping = true
}

3、在app的build.gradle文件中加入签名配置

gradle
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
signingConfigs{
release{
storeFile file('../../android.keystore')
storePassword "android"
keyAlias "android"
keyPassword "android"
}
}

buildTypes {
release {
minifyEnabled false
signingConfig signingConfigs.release
proguardFiles getDefaultProguardFile('proguard-android.txt'), 'proguard-rules.pro'
}
}

完整的gradle文件如下:

gradle
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
   apply plugin: 'com.android.application'
apply plugin: 'com.didi.virtualapk.plugin'

android {
compileSdkVersion 28
defaultConfig {
applicationId "com.wangyz.virtualapk.plugin"
minSdkVersion 21
targetSdkVersion 28
versionCode 1
versionName "1.0"
testInstrumentationRunner "android.support.test.runner.AndroidJUnitRunner"
}
signingConfigs{
release{
storeFile file('../../android.keystore')
storePassword "android"
keyAlias "android"
keyPassword "android"
}
}
buildTypes {
release {
minifyEnabled false
signingConfig signingConfigs.release
proguardFiles getDefaultProguardFile('proguard-android.txt'), 'proguard-rules.pro'
}
}
}

dependencies {
implementation fileTree(dir: 'libs', include: ['*.jar'])
implementation 'com.android.support:appcompat-v7:28.+'
implementation 'com.android.support.constraint:constraint-layout:1.0.2'
testImplementation 'junit:junit:4.12'
androidTestImplementation 'com.android.support.test:runner:1.0.1'
androidTestImplementation 'com.android.support.test.espresso:espresso-core:3.0.1'
}

virtualApk{
packageId = 0x6f
targetHost = '../../VirtualAPKHost/app'
applyHostMapping = true
}

注意:Plugin应用的资源文件不能和宿主的资源文件重名,否则在生成插件APK时会报错:

error

建议各模块资源命名以模块名开头。

4、生成插件APK

打开gradle窗口,双击assemblePlugin,生成APK

build

文件生成目录:app/build/outputs/plugin/release/

三、在宿主应用中加载插件APK

1、将生成的插件APK推送(通过网络或者adb等)到手机指定路径,如/sdcard/Plugin.apk。

2、在宿主应用中加载APK

java
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
   private static final String PLUGIN_PACKAGE_NAME = "com.wangyz.virtualapk.plugin";
private static final String PLUGIN_NAME = "com.wangyz.virtualapk.plugin.MainActivity";

private void loadPlugin() {
try {
String pluginPath = Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory().getAbsolutePath().concat("/Plugin.apk");
File plugin = new File(pluginPath);
PluginManager.getInstance(this).loadPlugin(plugin);
} catch (Exception e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
}

3、调用APK中的Activity

java
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
public void loadPlugin(View view) {
if (PluginManager.getInstance(this).getLoadedPlugin(PLUGIN_PACKAGE_NAME) == null) {
Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "未加载插件", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
return;
}
Intent intent = new Intent();
intent.setComponent(new ComponentName(PLUGIN_PACKAGE_NAME, PLUGIN_NAME));
startActivity(intent);
}

源码地址:https://github.com/milovetingting/Samples/tree/master/VirtualAPK

文章作者: milovetingting
文章链接: http://www.milovetingting.cn/2019/12/31/Android/VirtualAPK%E7%9A%84%E7%AE%80%E5%8D%95%E4%BD%BF%E7%94%A8/
版权声明: 本博客所有文章除特别声明外,均采用 CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 许可协议。转载请注明来自 milovetingting

评论